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'''Publius Vergilius Maro''' (; traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called '''Virgil''' or '''Vergil''' in English, was an ancient Rome|ancient Roman poet of the Augustan literature (ancient Rome)|Augustan period. He wrote three of the most famous poems in Latin literature, the ''Eclogues'' (or ''Bucolics''), the ''Georgics'', and the Epic poetry|epic ''Aeneid''. A number of minor poems, collected in the ''Appendix Vergiliana'', are sometimes attributed to him. Virgil is traditionally ranked as one of Rome's greatest poets. His ''Aeneid'' has been considered the national epic of ancient Rome since the time of its composition. Modeled after Homer's ''Iliad'' and ''Odyssey'', the ''Aeneid'' follows the Trojan War|Trojan refugee Aeneas as he struggles to fulfill his destiny and reach Italy; where his descendants...
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Pseudonym|birth_name = Publius Vergilius Maro
Birth dateOctober 15, 70 BC
Birth placeVirgilio, Lombardy|Near Mantua, Cisalpine Gaul, Roman Republic
Death dateSeptember 21, 19 BC (age 50)
Death placeBrundisium, Italy (Roman Empire)|Italy, Roman Empire
OccupationPoet
NationalityRoman Empire|Roman
Period| genre = Epic poetry, didactic poetry, pastoral poetry
Subject| movement = Augustan poetry
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publius vergilius maro
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johann heinrich voss , publius vergilius maro, virgil
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frédéric gustave eichhoff, virgil , frédéric gustave eichhoff, 1799-1875 , publius vergilius maro
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